With Mexican Independence Day right around the corner on September 16th, brush up on your knowledge of a key part of the country’s history: its dynamic flag. Learn about its meaning and symbology before you head to the all-inclusive Barceló Maya Grand Resort, comprised of Barceló Maya Beach, Barceló Maya Caribe, Barceló Maya Colonial, Barceló Maya Tropical, and the all-suite, AAA Four-Diamond Barceló Maya Palace.
The first national flag was established in 1821, when Mexico was recognized as a sovereign nation. The flag employed that now familiar tricolor of green, white and red, with the national coat of arms in the middle. Over the decades, there were a handful of changes made to the design, and the current national flag that we all know was adopted on September 16, 1968.
Green, White & Red
The iconic colors of the Mexican bandera are full of deep symbolism. Here’s a quick rundown of what they originally represented: the green strip represents the Mexican Independence Movement, which gave birth to the nation. The white stripe represented the Catholic faith, which was the national religion at the time. The red stripe represented the Spaniards that joined in the quest for Mexican Independence. Today, those meanings have shifted somewhat. In the modern age, the green represents hope and victory, the white represents unity, and the red pays tribute to the national heroes who have fought for Mexico over the years.
The Golden Eagle
The center of the Mexican flag is its most striking feature. It’s a powerful looking Golden Eagle, perched atop a prickly pear cactus, with a snake in its beak and talons. What’s the meaning behind this imagery? It goes back to an Aztec legend. In ancient times, the gods told the Aztecs that they would find the perfect place to build their city where they saw an eagle on a cactus, eating a serpent. They spotted such an eagle – right in the spot that is now the main plaza in Mexico City. The rest is history.
El Día de la Bandera
Green, white and red are a part of the Mexican experience 365 days a year – but those vibrant colors are especially in effect on February 24 every year – El Día de la Bandera (Flag Day). The date commemorates that day back in 1821 when the flag was first adopted, and Mexico became independent. Throughout El Día de la Bandera, Mexicans remember their national heritage, paying tribute to the country’s rich past.